Rhetorics in The Opening of Addresses by Soekarno and Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono at the Asia and Africa Conference

Listiyana, Ayu Kartika (2018) Rhetorics in The Opening of Addresses by Soekarno and Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono at the Asia and Africa Conference. Diploma thesis, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

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Abstract

A speech of human being has the best number of styles, forms and has beautiful meaning each words. Thus, a success of the speech cannot be measured by loud applause of the people but can be measured from the result of an enlightening speech: the use of rhetorics and the use of ‘us and ‘them’ to reflect the ideology of the speakers. A key of success of the speech is related to the rhetorics and the use of ‘us’ and ‘them’ to reflect the ideology of speakers. This research deals with the differences of rhetoric styles and the use of ‘us’ and ‘them’ reflected ideology discourse in the speeches of Soekarno and Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY). Moreover, this analysis is aimed to find out the characteristic of the speakers reflecting the rhetorical style through the use of modality and to find out the ideology of the speakers reflecting the use of pronouns (us and them). Thus, this research uses the method of qualitative that requires collecting textual data and examining the text by using it. It employs Aristotelian rhetorics framework by Herrick (2005) focused on logos, pathos, and ethos. It is combined with systemic functional linguistics framework by Humphrey, et all (2003) reflected the use of modality: modal verbs. Additionally, it employs critical discourse analysis framework on polarizing structure between US and THEM to reflect the ideology of the speakers by Van Dijk (1995). First, the findings of the speeches of Soekarno and SBY shows to be neutral: they use all aspects of rhetoric styles. In this case, Soekarno has dominant aspects of ethos (28,7% of logos, 21,8 of pathos, 49,3% of ethos). Meanwhile, the findings of SBY's speech also has most dominant aspects of ethos ( 20% of logos, 8,5 of pathos, and 71,5% of ethos. Second, the findings show Soekarno and SBY used the first plural pronouns of ‘us and them’ to build the principles of pancasila reflected the rhetoric styles. Moreover, Soekarno adopts the use of ‘us’ and ‘them’ in the five principles: were called ‘Pancasila’: religiosity, humanitarianism or internationalism, unity or nationalism, democracy, social justice or welfare as his ideologies. However, SBY adopts most dominant of the use of ‘us’ in the three of the five principles (pancasila): humanitarianism, unity or nationalism, social justice or welfare as his ideologies at the Asia Africa Conference. Those conclude that the speakers have different styles and ideologies to persuade and send the messege to the audiences towards their ideas in their speeches. Keyword: Rhetorics, Systemic Functional Linguistic, Critical Discourse Analysis, Ideology, Pancasila

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Subjects: Linguistics > Research and Statistical Methods of Linguistic
Divisions: Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora > Program Studi Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Depositing User: S.Hum Ayu Kartika Listiyana
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2018 06:25
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2018 06:25
URI: http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/10128

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