Pengaruh Self Efficacy dan Social Support terhadap Craving pada Klien Pengguna NAPZA di Panti Sosial Pamardi Putra Galih Pakuan Bogor

Sulthanah, Ghina (2018) Pengaruh Self Efficacy dan Social Support terhadap Craving pada Klien Pengguna NAPZA di Panti Sosial Pamardi Putra Galih Pakuan Bogor. Diploma thesis, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

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Abstract

Increased drug abuse (narcotics, psychotropic and other addictive substances) or drugs become one of the major problems being faced. Victims of drug abuse spread in various age groups, ranging from adults, teenagers and even children. Someone who is trapped in drugs, it is difficult to escape from drug use. Craving is the cause of the difficulty of drug users to escape drugs. Craving is the desire to return to using drugs. The Pamardi Putra Social Institution Galih Pakuan Bogor is one of the places where drug users can get away from drug use. Craving constraints are influenced by internal and external factors from someone. Self efficacy as self-confidence and social support received by clients at the Social Institution, hopes to reduce craving. Based on this, the research was conducted to find out whether self efficacy and social support affect craving both simultaneously and partially. The research design used is a correlational method that is causality. Data collection techniques used a questionnaire consisting of 3 scales, namely the self-efficacy scale that uses Bandura's (1997) theory, the social support scale that uses Sarafino’s (2011) theory, and the craving scale using Drummond's (2001) theory. Subjects in this study were 40 clients. Data analysis technique uses multiple linear regression analysis. Self efficacy and social support as independent and craving variables as dependent variables. Based on the results of the study, it is known that there is an effect of self efficacy and social support on craving on drug users in Pamardi Putra Social Institution Galih Pakuan Bogor. Keywords: self efficacy, social support, craving, drug, social institution Abstrak Meningkatnya penyalahgunaan NAPZA (Narkotika, Psikotropika dan Zat Adiktif lainnya) atau narkoba menjadi salah satu masalah besar yang sedang dihadapi. Korban penyalahgunaan narkoba menyebar di berbagai kalangan usia, mulai dari dewasa, remaja bahkan anak-anak. Seseorang yang terjerat narkoba, sulit untuk melepaskan diri dari penggunaan narkoba. Craving menjadi penyebab sulitnya pengguna narkoba untuk melepaskan diri dari narkoba. Craving adalah keinginan untuk kembali menggunakan narkoba. Panti Sosial Pamardi Putra Galih Pakuan Bogor menjadi salah satu tempat para pengguna NAPZA untuk bisa melepaskan diri dari penggunaan narkoba. Kendala craving dipengaruhi oleh faktor internal dan eksternal dari seseorang. Self efficacy sebagai keyakinan diri dan social support yang diterima klien di Panti Sosial, berharap mampu menurunkan craving. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, maka penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui apakah self efficacy dan social support berpengaruh terhadap craving baik secara simultan maupun secara parsial. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode korelasional yang bersifat kausalitas. Teknik pengambilan data menggunakan kuesioner yang terdiri atas 3 buah skala, yaitu skala self efficacy yang menggunakan teori Bandura (1997), skala social support menggunakan teori dari Sarafino (2011), dan skala craving menggunakan teori Drummond (2001). Subjek dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 40 klien. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis regresi linier berganda. Self efficacy dan social support sebagai variabel bebas dan craving sebagai variabel terikat. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, diketahui bahwa terdapat pengaruh self efficacy dan social support terhadap craving pada klien pengguna NAPZA di Panti Sosial Pamardi Putra Galih Pakuan Bogor. Kata Kunci : self efficacy, social support, craving, NAPZA, panti sosial

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Self Efficacy; Social Support; Craving; NAPZA; Narkoba
Subjects: Psychology > Psychoanalysis
Applied Psychology
Applied Psychology > Personal Improvement and Analysis
Applied Psychology > Interpersonal Relations with Friends and Neighbors
Divisions: Fakultas Psikologi > Program Studi Psikologi
Depositing User: Ghina Sulthanah Ghina Sulthanah
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2018 03:56
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2018 03:56
URI: http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/14036

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