"The Use of Affixation in Edgar Allan Poe's Short Stories"

Andriani Sapitri, Evi (2018) "The Use of Affixation in Edgar Allan Poe's Short Stories". Diploma thesis, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

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Abstract

Morphology is one of the important study in linguistics in word formation. Affixation is part of morphology that becomes one of the important way in the formation of new word. In this research there are two affixation processes, those are derivational and inflectional. The aim of this research is to describe the affixation process and to analyze the affixation function used in the short story of Edgar Allan Poe. The theory used in this research is the theory of Plag and Yule to analyze the data. In this research, the writer uses the descriptive qualitative method. The data are obtained from four short stories by Edgar Allan Poe. In the data collection, the writer makes several steps those are, reads the short stories, collects the data which contains affixation, analyses the words which is included into affixation and describes it by using theory related to this research. The result of this research shows that there are derivational and inflectional affixes in the short story of Edgar Allan Poe. There are two types of derivational affixes found in this research, they are prefixes and suffixes. The writer finds 15 words of prefixes (in-, un-, mis-, dis-, fore-). Meanwhile, the suffixes consist of 63 words of nominal suffixes (-age, -al, -ant, -cy/-ce, -er, -hood, -an/-ian, -ing, -ion, -ist, -ity, -ment, -ness, -ship), 2 words verbal suffixes (-en and -ize), 28 words adjectival suffixes (-able, -al, -ary, -ed, -ful, -ic , -less, -ly, -ous), 25 words adverbial suffixes (-ly and -wise). Whereas, the inflectional affixes consist of 10 words of plural maker (-S), 2 words of possessive maker (-S), 5 words of comparative maker (-er), 3 words of superlative maker (-est), 1 word of third person singular maker (-S ), 4 words of paste tense maker (-ed), 8 words of past participle maker (-en/-ed), and 4 words of present participle maker (-ing). Based on data analysis, it could be concluded that many of derivational affixes processes are found in short stories of Edgar Allan Poe. Derivational affix has a functions as a noun maker, verb maker, adjective maker, and adverb maker. Derivational affix could change the part of speech and meaning in the word. While inflectional affix does not change the part of speech and only change the form.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Morphology; Derivational Affixes; Inflectional Affixes; Short Story
Subjects: Linguistics
Divisions: Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora > Program Studi Sastra Inggris
Depositing User: Evi Andriani Sapitri
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2018 03:15
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 03:15
URI: http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/15848

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