Kontribusi Maharaja Imam H. Muhammad Basiuni Imran dalam pendidikan Islam di Kerajaan Sambas, Kalimantan Barat (1915-1950)

Erwin, Erwin (2018) Kontribusi Maharaja Imam H. Muhammad Basiuni Imran dalam pendidikan Islam di Kerajaan Sambas, Kalimantan Barat (1915-1950). doktoral thesis, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

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Abstract

INDONESIA Pendidikan Islam di Kalimantan Barat hingga awal abad ke-20 hanya berlangsung secara tradisional di surau atau masjid, rumah-rumah guru, dan istana. Dalam dua dasawarsa kurun tersebut, kawasan paling barat dari pulau Kalimantan ini juga belum memiliki organisasi yang berhaluan maju. Pemikiran maju dan modern hanya dimiliki oleh tokoh ulama dan para pemimpin yang berkuasa. Di antara tokoh tersebut adalah H. Muhammad Basiuni Imran (1885-1976). Kontribusi dari Maharaja Imam Sambas ini khususnya dalam bidang pendidikan, belum banyak dikaji. Berdasarkan penelusuran terhadap 42 buku teks dan literatur Sejarah Pendidikan Islam yang digunakan oleh Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam (PTKI) hanya dua di antaranya yang menyinggung nama tokoh ini, selebihnya konten kajian referensi tersebut masih didominasi oleh sejarah tokoh-tokoh pendidikan asal Pulau Jawa. Kerangka penelitian ini didasarkan pada grand theory komponen pendidikan Islam al-’Abrashi> dan Yunus. Adapun middle-range theory-nya menggunakan teori aliran-aliran pendidikan Islam Jawwad-Rid}a. Sedangkan applied theory pendidikan Islamnya menggunakan teori basic teaching model Glaser. Penelitian ini secara umum bertujuan untuk menggali dan mengkaji secara mendalam: “Kontribusi H. Muhammad Basiuni Imran dalam bidang pendidikan Islam di Kerajaan Sambas (1915-1950)”. Secara khusus, penelitian ini mengidentifikasi profil Maharaja Imam, dan menemukan jejak pemikiran dan praktik pendidikan Islam dengan pendekatan kualitatif dan metode historis; dengan teknik analisis berupa reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan simpulan/verifikasi. Hasil penelitian ini menegaskan bahwa H. Muhammad Basiuni Imran adalah salah seorang pembaru pendidikan Islam era kolonial di Indonesia. Pemikiran dan tindakannya dalam mengelola pendidikan Islam memiliki karakter inovatif: Pertama, Basiuni merupakan tokoh yang menaruh perhatian besar terhadap kemajuan dunia pendidikan Islam. Kedua, gagasannya tentang mainstreaming sistem, kurikulum, metodologi, dan evaluasi pendidikan modern (Barat) ke dalam pendidikan Islam, cenderung memasukkannya ke dalam kelompok tokoh yang beraliran religius-rasional (al-di>ni> al-‘aqla>ni>). Ketiga, pada tataran praktis, terutama dalam tata kelola pembiayaan pendidikan, Basiuni berupaya menggalang dana umat dengan mengerahkan seluruh sumber daya berupa gagasan, saluran komunikasi, jaringan sosial, dan waktu. Dengan memakai kategori Rogers, maharaja imam ini masuk dalam kelompok inovator pendidikan Islam. ENGLISH Islamic education in West Kalimantan until the early 20th century only took place traditionally in surau or small mosques, teachers' houses, and palaces. In the two decades of the period, the most western region of the island of Borneo is also not yet have an advanced organization. Modern and advanced thinking is only owned by ulama leaders and ruling leaders. Among these figures are H. Muhammad Basiuni Imran (1885-1976). The contribution of Maharaja Imam Sambas especially in the field of education has not been much studied. Based on the study of 42 textbooks and literatures of History of Islamic Education used by Islamic Religious College (PTKI) only two of them are offensive to the name of this character, the rest of the reference review content is still dominated by the history of educational figures from Java. This research framework is based on the grand theory of Islamic education component al-'Abrashi> and Yunus. The middle-range theory uses the theory of Islamic education streams Jawwad-Rid}a. While applied theory of Islamic education using basic theory of teaching model Glaser. This research generally aims to explore and examine in depth: "The contribution of H. Muhammad Basiuni Imran in the field of Islamic education in the Kingdom of Sambas (1915-1950)". In particular, this study identifies the profile of the Imam Maharaja, and finds traces of Islamic educational thought and practice with a qualitative approach and historical method; with analysis techniques such as data reduction, data presentation, and withdrawal of conclusions / verification. The results of this study confirm that H. Muhammad Basiuni Imran was one of the reformers of colonial-era Islamic education in Indonesia. His thoughts and actions in managing Islamic education have an innovative character: First, Basiuni is a figure who pays great attention to the progress of the Islamic education world. Secondly, his idea of mainstreaming systems, curriculum, methodology, and the evaluation of modern (Western) education into Islamic education, tends to incorporate them into groups of religious-rational figures (al-di>ni> al-'aqla>ni>). Thirdly, at the practical level, especially in education financing governance, Basiuni seeks to raise people's funds by mobilizing all resources in the form of ideas, channels of communication, social networks, and time. By using the Rogers category, this maharaja imam belongs to a group of innovators of Islamic education in the colonial era.

Item Type: Thesis (doktoral)
Subjects: Islam > Islamic History
Islam > Islamic Religious Education
Islam Umum > Muslim, Orang Islam, Imam
Divisions: Pascasarjana Program Doktor > Program Studi Pendidikan Islam
Depositing User: Users 11 not found.
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2018 09:18
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2018 01:33
URI: http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/17448

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