Keanekaragaman kupu-kupu (sub ordo: Rhopalocera) di kawasan taman kehati Kiara Payung, Sumedang

Nurhardiyanti, Anggi (2018) Keanekaragaman kupu-kupu (sub ordo: Rhopalocera) di kawasan taman kehati Kiara Payung, Sumedang. Diploma thesis, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

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Abstract

INDONESIA Kupu-kupu (Sub ordo : Rhopalocera) merupakan bagian dari keanekaragaman hayati yang harus dijaga kelestariannya karena berperan sebagai polinator bagi banyak spesies tumbuhan berbunga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman, kelimpahan dan kemerataan kupu-kupu (Sub ordo : Rhopalocera) di kawasan Taman Kehati Kiara Payung, Sumedang. Penelitian dilakukan selama bulan Februari hingga Mei 2018 di Taman Kehati Kiara Payung Sumedang pada lima blok yaitu blok 2 (3,05 Ha), blok 4 (0,855 Ha), blok 5 (2,061 Ha), blok 6 (1,461 Ha), dan blok 7 (0,779 Ha). Sampling dilakukan dengan metode tangkap langsung menggunakan jaring serangga (Sweeping net/Insect net) pada 10 transek dengan ulangan 9 kali untuk setiap transek. Proses identifikasi dilakukan di Laboratorium Entomologi LIPI Cibinong. Data pengamatan meliputi jenis kupu-kupu (Sub ordo : Rhopalocera) dan jumlah individu tiap jenis. Data dianalisis dengan indeks kelimpahan (Pi), indeks keanekaragaman Shannon-wiener (H’) dan indeks kemerataan (E). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diketahui komposisi kupu-kupu (Sub ordo : Rhopalocera) di Taman Kehati Kiara Payung, Sumedang yaitu terdiri dari 1917 individu, 31 spesies, 25 genus dan 5 famili. Indeks keanekaragam secara keseluruhan termasuk dalam kategori sedang. Indeks keanekaragaman tertinggi yaitu pada blok 7 (H’ = 2,799), sedangkan yang paling kecil yaitu pada blok 6 (H’ = 2,288). Indeks kemerataan secara keseluruhan termasuk dalam kategori hampir merata. Indeks kemerataan tertinggi yaitu pada blok 2 (E = 0.848), sedangkan yang paling kecil yaitu pada blok 6 (E = 0.764). Faktor lingkungan yang memiliki pengaruh paling besar terhadap keanekaragaman kupu-kupu (Sub ordo : Rhopalocera) di Kawasan Taman Kehati Kiara Payung Sumedang adalah Kecepatan angin dan intensitas cahaya. ENGLISH Butterfly (Sub order: Rhopalocera) is a part of biodiversity that must be preserved because they are important pollinators for many flowering plant. This research aims to know the diversity, abundance and eveness of butterflies (Sub order: Rhopalocera) in Taman Kehati Kiara Payung, Sumedang. Sampling was conducted during February to May 2018 at 5 block, that is block 2 (3.05 Ha), block 4 (0.855 Ha), block 5 (2.061 Ha), block 6 (1.461 Ha), and block 7 (0.779 Ha). Sampling was conducted 9 times the sampling technique using insects nets (Sweeping the net/Insect net) for a total of 10 transek. Identification process was conducted at the Laboratory of Entomology LIPI Cibinong. Observation data were included species of butterflies (Sub order: Rhopalocera) and the number of individuals of each species. Data were analyzed by measurement of abundance (Pi), diversity of Shannon -wiener (H ') and eveness index (E). The results showed that compositions of butterflies (Sub order: Rhopalocera) in the Taman Kehati Kiara Payung Sumedang consists of 1917 individuals, 31 species, 25 genera and 5 families. Diversity index overall included in the medium category. The highest diversity index was in block 7 (H ' = 2.799), while the smallest was in block 6 (H ' = 2.288). Overall, eveness index included in the almost evenly distribution. The highest eveness index was in block 2 (E = 0848), while the smallest was in block 6 (E = 0764). Environmental factors that have the greatest influence on diversity of butterflies in the Taman Kehati Kiara Payung Sumedang were wind speed and light intensity.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rhopalocera; polinator; keanekaragaman; faktor lingkungan;
Subjects: Biology > Data Processing and Analysis of Biology
Biology > Education, Research, Related Topics of Biology
Ecology > Population Biology
Divisions: Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi > Program Studi Biologi
Depositing User: Rasyida Rofiatun Nisa
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2019 04:42
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2019 07:11
URI: http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/18810

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