Pengaruh partisipasi anggota dan distribusi dana sosial terhadap peningkatan kesejahteraan anggota berdasarkan Human Development Index (HDI) di TPK Pamecelan Koperasi Peternak Sapi Bandung Utara (KPSBU) Jawa Barat

Aziz, Shofwan Abdul (2017) Pengaruh partisipasi anggota dan distribusi dana sosial terhadap peningkatan kesejahteraan anggota berdasarkan Human Development Index (HDI) di TPK Pamecelan Koperasi Peternak Sapi Bandung Utara (KPSBU) Jawa Barat. Masters thesis, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

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Abstract

INDONESIA : KPSBU mempunyai prestasi baik dari segi manajemen dan hasil produksinya, sehingga mendapatkan Indonesia Cooperative Award dan mampu menembus pasar luar negeri. Beberapa faktor yang diduga memiliki relevansi kuat dengan keberhasilan KPSBU tersebut berkaitan dengan partisipasi anggota yang aktif, baik secara gagasan, pengawasan maupun produktivitasnya. Dengan semangat kekeluargaan, KPSBU mendistribusikan dana sosial berupa dana kesehatan, pendidikan dan pinjaman (qard) sehingga dapat membangun loyalitas anggota, membentuk captive market dan yang paling utama adalah menciptakan kesejahteraan anggota. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis pengaruh partisipasi anggota dan distribusi dana sosial terhadap peningkatan kesejahteraan anggota KPSBU Jawa Barat di TPK Pamecelan baik secara parsial maupun simultan. Teori tentang partisipasi yang utama diambil dari apa yang dirumuskan oleh Davis (1989) dan Kementerian Koperasi dan Usaha Kecil Menengah, teori distribusi dana sosial terutama menggunakan teori Meri Koivusalo (2003), sedangkan teori kesejahteraan menggunakan batasan Human Development Index (HDI) dari United Nation Development Program (UNDP). Pengaruh partisipasi anggota terhadap kesejahteraan anggota dapat dilihat dari perannya dalam menentukan keberhasilan koperasi, sedangkan mengenai distribusi dana sosial yang dikeluarkan KPSBU sesuai dengan beberapa indikator kesejahteraan anggota. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan metode penelitian yaitu metode deskriptif dan metode verifikatif untuk menguji hipotesis. Instrumen utama penelitian adalah kuesioner yang berasal dari anggota KPSBU di TPK Pamecelan dengan tekhnik pengambilan sample dari standar Roscoe sebanyak 30 orang dan ditambah 10 orang sehingga jumlah total responden sebanyak 40 orang. Verifikasi hipotesis pengaruh antar variabel menggunakan analisis jalur (path analysis), sedangkan untuk pengujian signifikansi digunakan uji F (simultan) dan uji t (parsial). Kesimpulan penelitian bahwa partisipasi anggota dan distribusi dana sosial berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap peningkatan kesejahteraan anggota KPSBU, baik secara parsial maupun simultan. Total kontribusi pengaruh kedua variabel terhadap peningkatan kesejahteraan anggota adalah 0,485 atau 48,5% di mana partisipasi anggota memberikan kontribusi sebesar 0,228 atau 22,8% dan distribusi dana sosial sebesar 0,257 atau 25,7%. Hasil penelitian demikian memperkuat teori yang sudah ada bahwa kesejahteraan dipengaruhi partisipasi anggota dan distribusi dana sosial. ENGLISH : KPSBU have a good achievement of management and production. So have got The Indonesia Cooperative Award and able to penetrate foreign markets. Several factors suspected to have strong relevance to the KPSBU’s success was associated with the active members participation, either ideas, supervision, or productivity. With the spirit of brotherhood, KPSBU distributes social fund in the form of health, education, and loan funds (Soft and Benevolent Loan) so it can build loyalty members, forming captive market, and the most important is to create a members welfare. This study aims to identify and analyze the influence of member participation and social fund distribution toward increasing of member welfare of North Bandung Cattle Breeder Cooperative (KPSBU) West Java in TPK Pamecelan whether partially or simultaneously. Theory of member participation, especially as formulated by Davis (1989) and State Minister for Cooperatives Small and Medium Enterprises, social funds mainly use Meri Koivusalo’s theory (2003), while the theory of walfare using restrictions Human Development Index (HDI) of United Nation Development Program (UNDP). Influence of member participation toward members welfare can be seen from its role to establish the success of cooperative, whereas social fund distribution that issued by KPSBU according with several indicators of members welfare. This research is quantitative research. The research method is descriptive and verification method to test the hypothesis. The main instrument of the study was a questionnaire derived from KPSBU’s members respondents in TPK Pamecelan were selected based on Roscoe Standard as many as 30 people and added 10 people. Thus, the total of respondents as many as 40 people. Verification of the hypothesis influence between variable using path analysis, while the significance testing used the F- test (simultaneous) and t-test (partial). Research conclusion that the member participation and social fund distribution had a positive and significant impact on the increase of members welfare of North Bandung Cattle Breeder Cooperative (KPSBU) West Java, either partially or simultaneously. The total contribution of both variables influence on the increase of member welfare is 48,5% which the member participation contributed 22,8% and social fund distribution by 25,7%, the residue is contributed by other factors not examined in the amount of 51,5%. Comprehencively, the result of this study reinforced the existing theory that the members welfare was influenced by member participation and social fund distribution.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: partisipasi anggota; distribusi dana sosial; Human Development Index (HDI)
Subjects: Cooperative > Cooperative of Indonesia
Socialism and Related Systems
Production, Industrial Economics > Economic Development and Growth
Divisions: Pascasarjana Program Magister > Program Studi Ekonomi Syari'ah
Depositing User: Zulfa Sofyani Putri
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2019 06:34
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2019 06:34
URI: http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/18904

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