Sharia Law in Pluralistic State Based on Pancasila

Nurrohman Syarif, Nurrohman (2011) Sharia Law in Pluralistic State Based on Pancasila. Al-A'RAF, Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat, VIII (1). pp. 37-70. ISSN 1693 9867

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At national stage , there are many Muslim leaders who once stayed at Gontor Islamic boarding school as students. M. Maftuh Basyuni, former minister of religious affairs in Indonesia, Hasyim Muzadi, former chairman of the largest Muslim organization , Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), Dien Syamsudin , the chairman of the second largest Muslim organization, Muhammadiyah , and Hidayat Nurwahid, the former speaker of MPR ( the People Consultative Assembly )are among the alumni of this pesantren. Although the majority of the alumni have become the leaders of moderate Muslims, several of them turn out to be radical such as Abu Bakar Ba’asyir. This paper explores the thought and activity of the two alumni of Gontor Islam boarding school, Nurcholish Madjid and Abu Bakar Ba’asyir who have the opposite opinion concerning to Islamic sharia, democracy and Indonesia Pancasila state, by exposing their lives before and after graduating from the pesantren and comparing their thoughts and opinions. Analysis is made to explain the factors that have influenced both persons so the former eventually becomes moderate liberal and pluralist and the latter radical, fundamentalist and exclusivist. Keywords : Sharia law, democracy , boarding school and Pancasila State.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Indonesia
Constitutional and Administrative Law > Constitutional Law of Indonesia
Divisions: Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum > Program Studi Hukum Ketatanegaraan dan Politik Islam (Siyasah)
Depositing User: Dr. Nurrohman Syarif
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2017 02:56
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2017 02:56

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