The use of descriptive text as instructional media to improve students' speaking ability : Pre-experimental research at the Eight Grade Students of SMPN 3 Blanakan Subang in academic Year 2019/2020

Korlin, Dewi Fatmawati (2019) The use of descriptive text as instructional media to improve students' speaking ability : Pre-experimental research at the Eight Grade Students of SMPN 3 Blanakan Subang in academic Year 2019/2020. Diploma thesis, Uin Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

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Abstract

Teaching speaking is to make students able to communicate with others so the students should be trained or practice speaking individually and they have to speak to be able to communicate well. Specific reference is about speaking based on reading the descriptive text. Descriptive text is a text that describes the character of a person, a place, or a particular thing the way it is. One method that is used to teaching speaking is by using descriptive reading text. The purposes of the research are: (1) to find the students’ speaking ability before using descriptive text as instructional media, (2) to find the students’ speaking ability after using descriptive text as instructional media, (3) to reveal significant difference of students’ speaking ability before and after the treatment by using descriptive text as instructional media. The research used the pre-experimental method. The population of this study was the whole of the eighth grade students of SMPN 3 Blanakan Subang. The sample of this research is one class that consists of 30 students. The instrument to gather the data was an achievement speaking test. The researcher use scores of pretest and posttest results. To analyses the collected data, the researcher used mean, standard deviation, t-test and hypothesis testing. The instrument to gather the data was an achievement test, speaking skills. The result shows that the mean of Experimental class after the treatment is bigger than before the treatment. The mean of pretest before the treatment is 37,9 and the mean after being given treatment is 78,5 based on finding above. It is clear that the students’ ability is much more improved after the treatment. This conclusion resulted from t-test revealing tcount 25,57 while ttabel is 1,684 which mean that tcount is higher than ttable. Therefore, (Ho) is rejected and (Ha) is accepted. As a result, there is a significant difference between students speaking ability before and after being given descriptive text as instructional media.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Descriptive Text;Speaking Ability
Subjects: Use of Other Information Media > Reading and Use of Other Information Media by Young People
Educational Institutions, Schools and Their Activities > Students
Divisions: Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan > Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Dewi Fatmawati Korlin
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2019 02:36
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2019 02:36
URI: http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/28220

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