Islam, ethnicity, and the politics of cultural identity among Betawi Muslim in Jakarta

Deni Miharja, Deni and M. Mulyana, Mulyana and Ahmad Izzan, Izzan (2019) Islam, ethnicity, and the politics of cultural identity among Betawi Muslim in Jakarta. WAWASAN, 4 (2). pp. 133-143. ISSN ISSN 2502-3489 (online) ISSN 2527-3213 (print)

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Abstract

akarta, the capital city of Indonesia. In the post-Reformation era in 1998, some people made efforts to reinforce the Islamic identity of Betawi. This article focuses on the religious expression of Betawi Muslims and the strengthening of local cultural identity in Jakarta, through a phenomenological study and identity theory. This study shows that the consolidation of the religious identity of Betawi Muslims forms diverse theological understanding dynamics, the politicization of rituals, and the development of new religious groups among Betawi Muslims, such as the FBR (Forum Betawi Rempug, The Betawi Brotherhood Forum), Majelis Rasulullah, and others. These different spiritual experiences increasingly strengthen political identity in the context of Betawi to the foreground of Islamic identity. It is a cultural identity that is narrow and distinct from the hybrid Betawi culture, which historically been shaped in the public cultural space by ethnic and religious diversity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Islam; Religiosity; Betawians; Ethnicity; Identity
Subjects: Culture and Institutions > Specific Aspect of Culture
Divisions: Fakultas Ushuluddin > Program Studi Perbandingan Agama
Depositing User: Dr Deni Miharja
Date Deposited: 03 May 2020 07:22
Last Modified: 03 May 2020 07:22
URI: http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/30657

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