Metode Irfani dalam epistemologi Islam

Ahmad Gibson Al-Bustomi, Gibson and Iu Rusliana, Iu and Neng Hannah, Hannah and Maman L Hakim, Maman Metode Irfani dalam epistemologi Islam. LP2M. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

INDONESIA: Penelitian ini berupaya menggambarkan perkembangan nalar irfani dan merumuskan metode irfani dalam epistemologi Islam. Di era dominasi positivisme ilmu pengetahuan, metode irfani menjadi pendekatan yang sulit diterima. Namun seiring berkembangnya berbagai pandangan filsafat ilmu pengetahuan mutakhir, misalnya dikembangkan oleh Paul Feyerabend, semuanya metode menjadi mungkin. Peneliti menggunakan metode kajian literatur untuk melakukan riset ini. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah secara potensial ‘irfani mungkin diperoleh setiap manusia yang melakukan perjalanan ruhani. Selain sebagai model epistemologi, ‘irfani sesungguhnya merupakan pengalaman spiritual yang kaya sehingga di pandang sebagai kekayaan Islam yang harus diapresiasi demi penyempurnaan pengamalan keIslaman itu sendiri. Metode irfani mendorong pencari ilmu untuk berusaha mendekatkan diri kepada Allah Yang Mahabenar (al-Haqq). Realitas bukan hanya ditemukan, tapi dicapai. Pencapaian pengetahuan mengenai realitas itu terjadi karena kaum ‘arif melakukan perjalanan spiritual menuju Yang Mahabenar, baik dengan metode ittihad dan hulul, atau maqom mukasyafah (ketersingkapan) realitas-Nya. Dengan penyucian jiwa itulah, kaum ‘arif memiliki pengetahuan tentang-Nya, maka realitas yang inderawi dan rasional tentu akan diketahui pula. ENGLISH: This study tries to describe the development of irfani reasoning and formulate the irfani method in Islamic epistemology. In the era of the dominance of scientific positivism, the irfani method became a problematic approach to accept. However, as various philosophical views of the latest scientific developments, such as those developed by Paul Feyerabend, all methods become possible. In this study, the researcher used the literature review method. This study concludes that potentially 'irfani may be obtained by every human who travels the spiritual journey. Aside from being an epistemological model, irfani is a rich spiritual experience so that it is viewed as Islamic wealth, which must be appreciated in order to perfect the practice of Islam itself. The irfani method encourages knowledge seekers to try to draw closer to the True God (al-Haqq). Reality is not only found but achieved. The attainment of knowledge about reality occurs because the ‘arif make a spiritual journey to the Truth (al-Haqq), both by the method of ittihad and hulul, or maqom mukasyafah (the disclosure) of His reality. With the purification of the soul, the wise man (‘arif) know about Him; then, the sensory and rational reality will undoubtedly be known as well.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nalar; Irfani; Epistemologi
Subjects: Epistemology
Divisions: Fakultas Ushuluddin > Program Studi Aqidah Filsafat
Depositing User: Iu Rusliana
Date Deposited: 05 May 2020 00:05
Last Modified: 05 May 2020 00:05
URI: http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/30791

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