The organic relationship between concepts of the individual, family, and community: A sociological description based on Islamic views

Safeí, Agus Ahmad and Athoillah, M. Anton and Purnamawati, Nina Wahidah (2020) The organic relationship between concepts of the individual, family, and community: A sociological description based on Islamic views. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (5). pp. 519-527. ISSN 2394-5125

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Abstract

This article discusses the organic relationships between the concepts of the individual, family, and community taking an Islamic perspective. Based on a literature review, this study finds that individuals are considered to be a unit among human beings and are often understood as comprising personal, self, and ego entities. In sociology, the individual is defined as a person in his personality, selfhood, and solitude that occupies a position and resides in the smallest unit of society. In Islam, when an individual reaches the stage of maturity, that individual is referred to as mukallaf. Even in the smallest and closest environment, individuals connect through a process of social interaction. The smallest and closest environment in question here is the family, and therein, the personality attached to the individual begins to be influenced by the environment. The concept of a human being born in a state of fitrah is very relevant when describing the early age of an individual. In the course of his social development, the individual arrives at a stage where he is the subject in his environment. Development through aging to adulthood is accompanied by social experience achieved with other social groups outside the family. This social interaction in Islam is known by the term ta'āruf initially, and this progresses to friendship. Therefore, when individuals or groups of individuals are interconnected with one another in a larger area, a society is realized. In relation to developing a society, Islam emphasizes the necessity of the Muslim community maintaining and preserving good values and traditions while also pushing toward better welfare in all aspects of community life.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Individual; Friendship; Family; Community; Social Interaction
Subjects: Communities > Community Sociology
Depositing User: Dr. H. Agus Ahmad Safei
Date Deposited: 21 May 2020 13:59
Last Modified: 21 May 2020 13:59
URI: http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/31003

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