The reflection of absurdism in Harold Pinter's play and Putu Wijaya's short stories

Nuratinah, Siti (2020) The reflection of absurdism in Harold Pinter's play and Putu Wijaya's short stories. Diploma thesis, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

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Abstract

ENGLISH: The core of this research is exploring the comparison of literary works through plot and imagery. Three things are the focus of this research; the types of plots that reflect absurdism in literary works, the types of imagery that reflect absurdism in literary works, and the plot and imagery similarities that reflect absurdism in literary works. The researcher uses descriptive analysis of Ratna (2004) and textual analysis of McKee (2003). Those methods are used to elaborate the data one by one, particularly the text data of this research. After elaborating the data, the researcher compares the results of data elaboration with the method of comparative literature byBassnett (1993). Besides, the researcher also uses the theory of Freytag (1963) to analyze plots in literary works. Sources of research data were taken from Harold Pinter's drama The Dumb Waiter (1960) and short stories by PutuWijaya entitled; Ah (2016), Dogs (2016), Are We Already Free? (2016), Aut (2016), Danger (2016) and Old (2016). The results of the data analysis show that not all literary works have five types of plots and five types of imagery. Of the seven literary works, some plot datafound reflect absurdism in exposition, rising action, Climax and falling action. Likewise, among the six literary works there is only one type of imagery that reflects absurdism. It is in visual imagery. Meanwhile, when comparing plot and imagery similarities that reflect absurdism in these six literary works, the plot in the short story by PutuWijaya is more dominant. INDONESIA: Inti dari penelitian ini adalah mengeksplorasi perbandingan karya sastra melalui plot dan imagery. Ada tiga hal yang menjadifokus penelitian ini diantaranya: jenis-jenis plot yang merefleksikan absurdism dalam karyasastra, jenis-jenis imagery yang merefleksikan absurdism dalam karyasastra, dan persamaan plot dan imagery yang merefleksikan absurdism dalam karya sastra. Peneliti menggunakan metode deskriptif analisis dari Ratna (2004) dan tekstual analisis dari McKee (2003). Metode ini digunakan untuk menguraikan data satu persatu, terutama data teks dalam penelitian ini. Setelah menguraikan data, peneliti membandingkan hasil uraian data dengan menggunakan metode sastra bandingan dari Bassnett (1993). Selain itu, peneliti juga menggunakan teori Gustav Freytag (1963) untukmenganalisis plot dalam karyasastra. Sumber data penelitian diambil dari drama karya Harold Pinter yang berjudul The Dumb Waiter (1960) dan cerita pendek karya PutuWijaya yang berjudul; Ah (2016), Anjing (2016), Apakah Kita Sudah Merdeka? (2016), Aut (2016), Bahaya (2016) danTua (2016). Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa tidak semua karya sastra memiliki lima jenis plot dan lima jenis imagery. Dari tujuh karya sastra ditemukan beberapa data plot yang merefleksikan absurdisme dalam eksposition, rising action, climax and falling action. Selain itu, diantara enam karya sastra hanya ada satu jenis imagery yang merefleksikan absurdisme. Yaitu dalam visual imagery. Sementara itu, ketika membandingkan persamaan plot dan imagery yang merefleksikan absurdisme dalam enam karyasastra ini, plot dalam cerita pendek karya Putu Wijaya lebih dominan.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Absurdism; Plot; Imagery; Literatry work; Comparative Literature;
Subjects: Conscious Mental Process and Intelligence > Imagination, Imagery, Creativity
Comparative Psychology
Literature
English Literatures
Divisions: Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora > Program Studi Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Depositing User: Siti Nuratinah
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2020 04:11
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2020 02:10
URI: http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/31982

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