Tradisi perjodohan di lingkungan pesantren : Penelitian di pesatren Al-Ihsan Cibiru Hilir Kecamatan Cileunyi Kabupaten Bandung

Yuliani, Yuyun (2015) Tradisi perjodohan di lingkungan pesantren : Penelitian di pesatren Al-Ihsan Cibiru Hilir Kecamatan Cileunyi Kabupaten Bandung. Diploma thesis, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

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Abstract

INDONESIA : Penelitian ini berawal dari ketertarikan penulis terhadap Tradisi Perjodohan di Lingkungan Pesantren (Penelitian di Pesantren Al-Ihsan Cibiru Hilir Kecamatan Cileunyi Kabupaten Bandung), tradisi perjodohan di pesantren Al-Ihsan mempunyai keunikan tersendiri karena perjodohan sesama santri Al-Ihsan terjadi secara sukarela dan di dalamnya ada beberapa perilaku yang menunjukkan pertukaran sosial. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui a) Tradisi Perjodohan di lingkungan pesantren Al-Ihsan Cibiru Hilir Kecamatan Cileunyi Kabupaten Bandung, (b) Dukungan dan hambatan tradisi perjodohan di lingkungan pesantren Al-Ihsan Cibiru Hilir Kecamatan Cileunyi Kabupaten Bandung, (c) Pandangan santri terhadap tradisi perjodohan di lingkungan pesantren Al-Ihsan Cibiru Hilir Kecamatan Cileunyi Kabupaten Bandung. Teori yang digunakan adalah teori pertukaran sosial dari George C. Homans. Menurut Homans interaksi antar individu itu seperti transaksi dagang. Homans mengemukakan bahwa teori pertukaran sosial terdapat 3 pokok yaitu cost, reward dan profit. Dalam hal ini tradisi perjodohan sesama alumni santri pesantren Al-Ihsan saling memperlihatkan kualitas diri dengan berbagai upaya adalah bentuk dari cost, dengan tujuan untuk mendapatkan reward berupa pernikahan dan mendapatkan profit yaitu hidup bahagia bersama pasca menikah. Kemudian dalam teori Homans ada beberapa proposisi di antaranya proposisi sukses, proposisi stimulus dan proposisi nilai. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Sumber data yang digunakan yaitu data primer dan data sekunder dengan teknik pengumpulan data yang diambil melalui proses observasi, wawancara kepada pimpinan pesantren, alumni pesantren Al-Ihsan yang berjodoh, dan para santri. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan yaitu reduksi data, penyajian data, verifikasi dan kesimpulan. Lokasi penelitian yaitu di pesantren Al-Ihsan Cibiru Hilir Kecamatan Cileunyi Kabupaten Bandung. Temuan penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa pertama, tradisi perjodohan di lingkungan pesantren Al-Ihsan pertama dilakukan pada tahun 2002 yaitu salah satu dosen UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung bapak Dr. Ija Suntana M. Ag dan istrinya bernama ibu Asiyah. Hingga saat ini kurang lebih sudah 150 pasangan alumni santri pesantren Al-Ihsan yang berjodoh. Kedua, dukungan dan hambatan tradisi perjodohan di lingkungan pesantren Al-Ihsan adapun dukunganya adalah restu orang tua, finansial (keuangan), dan rasa suka. Sedangkan penghambatnya yaitu tidak menemukan pasangan yang ideal, tidak ada restu dari orang tua, dan tradisi sunnah hasanah di lingkungan pesantren itu bersifat sukarela. Ketiga, pandangan santri terhadap tradisi perjodohan di lingkungan pesantren Al-Ihsan, baik bisa menjalin tali silaturahmi antar alumni dan pesantren, mampu melaksanakan sunnah rosul (pernikahan) dengan akhlak dan kesholehan yang terjamin, di besarkan di satu pesantren, memiliki visi-misi yang sama dalam membina rumah tangga. ENGLISH : This research originated from the author's interest in the Matching Tradition in the Islamic Boarding School (Research at the Al-Ihsan Cibiru Hilir Islamic Boarding School, Cileunyi District, Bandung Regency), the matchmaking tradition at the Al-Ihsan Islamic boarding school has its own uniqueness because the matchmaking of fellow Al-Ihsan students occurs voluntarily and in it. there are several behaviors that indicate social exchange. The purpose of this research is to find out a) Matching Traditions in the Al-Ihsan Cibiru Hilir Islamic boarding school, Cileunyi District, Bandung Regency, (b) Support and obstacles to the tradition of matchmaking in the Al-Ihsan Cibiru Hilir Islamic boarding school, Cileunyi District, Bandung Regency, (c) Students' views against the tradition of matchmaking in the Al-Ihsan Cibiru Hilir pesantren, Cileunyi District, Bandung Regency. The theory used is the social exchange theory of George C. Homans. According to Homans, interactions between individuals are like trade transactions. Homans argues that there are 3 main points of social exchange theory, namely cost, reward and profit. In this case, the tradition of matchmaking among alumni of the Al-Ihsan Islamic boarding school students showing each other's quality with various efforts is a form of cost, with the aim of getting a reward in the form of marriage and getting a profit, namely living happily together after marriage. Then in Homans' theory, there are several propositions including success propositions, stimulus propositions and value propositions. The method used in this research is descriptive method with a qualitative approach. Sources of data used are primary data and secondary data with data collection techniques taken through a process of observation, interviews with pesantren leaders, al-Ihsan pesantren alumni who are matched, and students. The data analysis techniques used were data reduction, data presentation, verification and conclusion. The research location is in the Al-Ihsan Islamic boarding school Cibiru Hilir, Cileunyi District, Bandung Regency. The findings of this study indicate that first, the tradition of matchmaking in the Al-Ihsan Islamic boarding school was first carried out in 2002, namely one of the lecturers of UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Mr. Dr. Ija Suntana M. Ag and his wife named Mrs. Asiyah. Until now, there have been approximately 150 pairs of al-Ihsan Islamic boarding school alumni who have a match. Second, the support and obstacles to the tradition of matchmaking in the Al-Ihsan pesantren, while the support is the blessing of parents, finances (finances), and liking. While the obstacles are not finding the ideal partner, there is no blessing from parents, and the tradition of sunnah hasanah in the pesantren environment is voluntary. Third, the views of the santri on the tradition of matchmaking in the Al-Ihsan pesantren, both being able to forge ties between alumni and the pesantren, being able to carry out the sunnah rosul (marriage) with guaranteed morals and kesholehan, being raised in one pesantren, having the same vision and mission. in building a household.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tradis;Perjodohan;Pesantren
Subjects: Islam > Islamic Religious Education
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik > Program Studi Sosiologi
Depositing User: Yuyun Yuliani
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2020 08:10
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2020 08:10
URI: http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/33242

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