Semiconductor Ceramic Mn0.5Fe1.5O3-Fe2O3 from Natural Minerals as Ethanol Gas Sensors

Aliah, H. and Syarif, D. G. and Iman, R. N. and Sawitri, A. and Sanjaya WS, Mada and Nurul Subkhi, M. and Pitriana, P. (2018) Semiconductor Ceramic Mn0.5Fe1.5O3-Fe2O3 from Natural Minerals as Ethanol Gas Sensors. In: ICAMST, 18-20 September 2017, Makasar.

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In this research, Mn and Fe-based ceramic gas sensing were fabricated and characterized. This research used natural mineral which is widely available in Indonesia and intended to observe the characteristics of Mn and Fe-based semiconducting material. Fabricating process of the thick films started by synthesizing the ceramic powder of Fe(OH)3 and Mn oxide material using the precipitation method. The deposition from precipitation method previously was calcined at a temperature of 800 °C to produce nanoparticle powder. Nanoparticle powder that contains Mn and Fe oxide was mixed with an organic vehicle (OV) to produce a paste. Then, the paste was layered on the alumina substrate by using the screen printing method. XRD method was utilized to characterize the thick film crystal structure that has been produced. XRD spectra showed that the ceramic layer was formed from the solid Mn0.5Fe1.5O3 (bixbyite) and Fe2O3. In addition, the electrical properties (resistance) examination was held in the room that contains air and ethanol to determine the sensor sensitivity of ethanol gas. The sensor resistance decreases as the ethanol gas was added, showing that the sensor was sensitive to ethanol gas and an n-type semiconductor. Gas sensor exhibit sensitive characterization of ethanol gas on the concentration of (100 to 300) ppm at a temperature of (150 to 200) °C. This showed that the Mn0.5Fe1.5O3-Fe2O3 ceramic semiconductor could be utilized as the ethanol gas detector.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bixbyite; Gas Sensor; Jarosite Minerals; Nanoparticle; Semiconductor Ceramic; XRD
Subjects: Modern Physics > Structure of Matter
Applied Physics
Divisions: Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi > Program Studi Fisika
Depositing User: Mada Sanjaya W. S.
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2018 08:58
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2019 08:29

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